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Dating back thousands of years, the anniversary was a momentous celebration, a year to give back lands, forgive debts, and free enslaved people. Announced by the loud bang from a ram’s horn, Bible Scholars’ Notethe jubilee year was founded on the idea of freedom and orchestrated an economic, cultural and moral reorganization of society. So it’s fitting that there’s often Juneteenth referred to as anniversary day.
In January 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation abolished body slavery. to explain “all persons kept as slaves” to be “free forever”. But it wasn’t until two years later, on June 19, 1865, that news of liberation finally reached the enslaved people of Galveston, Texas. June 16, sometimes called Black Independence Day or Freedom Day, honors this indeed end of slavery.
In a way, the Emancipation Proclamation functioned as Black Americans’ first and only jubilee — in fact, “jubilee” is what used to enslave people called phase that followed the civil war. Abolition essentially ended an entire economy of exploited labor built the modern capitalist world. But the Emancipation Proclamation went further than simply acknowledging the abolition of slavery by the Confederate States—they did, too reliant the United States government to “preserve” the liberty of formerly enslaved people and “to take no action or actions to oppress such persons” or “to make such efforts as they may make for their actual liberty.” Today, in stark contradiction to the instructions of President Abraham Lincoln, the government continues to sanction and facilitate black oppression.
Stock tenure, convict leasing, medical racism, mass incarceration, police, and other racist institutions locked Black Americans in cycles of debt bondage, forced labor, and suffering. Forced to fund public goods and their own incarceration through debt, blacks bear the brunt of students, medical, and criminal liability. For-profit colleges, hospitals, police departments, and the industrial prison complex are all (literally) banking on their plans to indebted black communities. Just a decade ago, in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, racist housing construction practices methods exercises and job loss wiped out more than the half of black wealth.
As a result, today’s black and white homeownership gap is wider than over 50 years ago. From the Three-Fifths Compromise to jail and racist maneuvering, politicians have repeatedly stripped black political power and given them voting rights weaker for black Americans than 1965 when the Voting Rights Act was first passed. The scourge of gun violence and the school-to-jail pipeline have stolen the future of black children. Black girls are disappear at an unscrupulous price and black trans women have a Life expectancy approximate age required to become president: 35. Being black increases your chances of being imprisoned almost fivefold. If you are a black woman in New York City, your odds of dying in childbirth increase eightfold. Unfortunately, Black Americans make up 13% of the US population and 40% of the general population death row.